Piles also known as Haemorrhoids (HEM-uh-roids), are swollen veins in your anus and lower rectum, similar to varicose veins. Haemorrhoids can develop inside the rectum (internal Haemorrhoids) or under the skin around the anus (external Haemorrhoids)
Haemorrhoids are quite common and almost 3 out 4 adults have some time in their life. Haemorrhoids have a number of causes, but often the cause is unknown.
There are effective options available to treat Haemorrhoids. Many people get relief with home treatments and lifestyle changes.
Signs and symptoms of Haemorrhoids usually depend on the type of Haemorrhoid.
These are under the skin around your anus. Signs and symptoms might include:
Internal Haemorrhoids lie inside the rectum. You usually can’t see or feel them, and they rarely cause discomfort. But straining or irritation when passing stool can cause:
If blood pools in an external Haemorrhoid and forms a clot (thrombus), it can result in:
The veins around your anus tend to stretch under pressure and may bulge or swell. Haemorrhoids can develop from increased pressure in the lower rectum due to:
As you age, your risk of Haemorrhoids increases. That’s because the tissues that support the veins in your rectum and anus can weaken and stretch. This can also happen when you’re pregnant, because the baby’s weight puts pressure on the anal region.
Complications of Haemorrhoids are rare but include:
The best way to prevent Haemorrhoids is to keep your stools soft, so they pass easily. To prevent Haemorrhoids and reduce symptoms of Haemorrhoids, follow these tips:
If you use fiber supplements, be sure to drink at least eight glasses of water or other fluids every day. Otherwise, the supplements can cause or worsen constipation.
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